In a city filled with ancient symbols, legendary landmarks and antiquity of the Christian faith, it’s bewildering where to begin from. For many, especially Brits, Rome is the ideal spot to go for a quick weekend break and stroll through the entire ‘walkable’ city. Some places are practically unmissable tourist spots of Rome, for example, the Colosseum, the Pantheon and the Spanish Steps. To enable you to design your itinerary, we’ve composed this guide of the best places in Rome, with all the must-see attractions and focal points. If you are planning a visit to Rome the Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (FCO) serves to all the major international flights landing in Rome. Let’s discover some of the popular places to visit in Rome.
The Colosseum is one of the most popular authentic must-see hotspots in Rome. Its development began by the head of Vespasian of the Flavian tradition in 72 AD and was completed by his son Titus in 80 AD. The curved amphitheatre could hold up to 50,000 spectators who would do anything to watch combatants fight as individuals be freely executed and appreciate different types of stimulation. This solid stone structure was the biggest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire. It is viewed as one of Rome’s most noteworthy buildings and design accomplishments.
2. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica is the focal point of the Catholic world and a noteworthy vacation spot. It is an impressive church with a height of 120 metres; the entire Statue of Liberty could fit in. The basilica remains a traditional site where Peter, the apostle of the Christ, who is viewed as the principal pope, was executed. Development of the present structure started in 1506 and was completed in 1615. Numerous popular icons contributed to its environment: Michelangelo planned the arch while Bernini structured the incomparable St. Peter’s Square. No wonder, it’s a legendary structure that doesn’t go unnoticed.
A noteworthy tourist attraction in Rome and the best-fortified structure, the Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a sacred place for all the Roman deities. The sanctuary has filled in as a Roman Catholic Church since the seventh century. The recent structure was reconstructed by Emperor Hadrian in the second century. Eight elegant stone segments reach out over the front of this roundabout structure, with lesser divisions toward the rear. Even though it is 2,000 years old, the Pantheon’s acclaimed vault remains the world’s biggest unreinforced solid arch. It is said that Marcus Agrippa contrived the Pantheon to be his secretive sanctuary.
4. Vatican Museums
The Vatican Museums were constructed in the sixteenth century with statues and structures by Pope Julius II. Today, they envelop a few exhibition halls inside the Vatican City and incorporate a portion of the world’s most significant relics. Gallery attractions include the twisting staircase, the Raphael Rooms and the magnificently designed Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo painted the church roof somewhere between 1508 and 1512. Today the roof, and particularly The Last Judgment is broadly accepted to be Michelangelo’s most noteworthy accomplishments. To monitor the enormous groups, the historical centres have four agendas that range from one and a half hours to over five hours. All agendas conclude in the Sistine Chapel.
5. Trevi Fountain
Furnished in 1762 on a request by Nicola Salvi, this world-renowned Baroque wellspring highlight a fanciful structure of Neptune, the god of the ocean, flanked by two Tritons. The area of the Trevi wellspring marks the end of the old Aqua Virgo water passage and so named because of its situation at the intersection of three streets (tre vie). The wellspring was the setting for a notable scene in Fellini’s film Dolce Vita featuring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. Since then, it is amongst the most prominent holiday destinations in Rome. The legend says that the one who tosses a coin in the wellspring will one day come back to Rome.
6. Spanish Steps
Consisting of 135 steps, the Spanish Steps were established with French funds between 1721‑1725 to connect the Bourbon Spanish government office to the Holy See with the French church, Trinita dei Monti. The stairway is a meeting point for both local folks as well as tourists. Every year in May, the stairs are embellished with pink azaleas. At the foot of the Spanish Steps, you can spot Piazza di Spagna (Spanish square) and the Fontana della Barcaccia, a tranquil fountain constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
7. Roman Forum
Situated in a tiny valley between the hills of Palatine and Capitoline, The Roman Forum (or Forum Romanum in Latin) was the heartbeat of Rome for a considerable amount of time and considered as one of the best places to visit in Rome. It was the site of triumphal parades and judgements, group speeches and business issues. The Forum today is an unmissable ruin of compositional parts. It incorporates the Arches of Septimius Severus and Titus, the Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina, and the Temple of Saturn. Walk around Palazzo dei Senatori for a panoramic view of the Forum.
8. Castel Sant’Angelo
Castel Sant’Angelo was considered as a tomb for Emperor Hadrian and his family. Built-in 123 BC, it was once Rome’s highest edifice, which was later transformed into a sturdy chateau by the popes. The remains of different rulers lay there but got vandalised when the Visigoths attacked in 410 BC. It also served as a prison, but today the Castel is a thriving museum. Movie lovers will remember it as a set from ‘Angels and Demons’, starring Tom Hanks and Ewan McGregor.
9. Piazza Navona
An exception amongst the most celebrated Roman squares – Piazza Navona was erected towards the end of the fifteenth century and maintains the state of the Stadium of Domitian that once dominated the area. Built by Emperor Domitian in 86 AD, the arena, which had a bigger field than the Colosseum was utilized for celebrations and games. The structure encompassing the square stand where the observers once sat. Today, the square highlights three appealing fountains and a massively mainstream spot to taste cappuccino; indulge in shopping, watch jugglers and street musicians.
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10. Campo de’ Fiori
Campo de’ Fiori is a rectangular square located south of Piazza Navona. It is utilized as a commercial centre during the day and a party hub for youngsters and sightseers after dusk. The name signifies ‘the field of blooms’ and was first given during the Middle Ages when the area was just a mere pasture. Today, the market is a lively spot, mostly when the regular vegetable market is held here, except Sundays. Guests can purchase fresh products – fish, meat, plants, flowers and different spices. The square is encompassed by bistros and cafes, making it a decent spot to eat, shop or stroll during the evening – one of the top things to do in Rome.
11. Saint Peter’s Square
Situated in Vatican City, St. Peter’s Square is a well-known spot in Rome. A huge number of individuals assemble to hear the pope’s speech. Established in the seventeenth century by Bernini, the square has an elliptic shape, encompassed on different sides by corridors. Statues are placed right on the corridors. At the main circular entrance, an Egyptian monolith stands that was transported from Egypt to Rome during the rule of Emperor Augustus.
12. Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Established in the fourth century, the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (St. Mary Major) is viewed as an epic landmark amongst the most significant Catholic holy places in Rome. Its 18th-century design depicts one of the best-saved Byzantine remnants inside the city. Explorers who are in Rome in August can attend the Miracle of the Snows Festival where thousands of white petals are dropped from the roof. It’s a sight to behold!
13. Galleria Borghese
The Galleria Borghese was built as a funhouse by Cardinal Scipione Borghese in the seventeenth century that was transformed into an exhibition hall. The nephew of Pope Paul V was fond of arts and he built one of the most amazing places to visit in Rome. The Galleria today houses numerous figures and different ancient pieces from his collection. Works of art by Titian, moulds by Bernini, and the National Museum of Musical Instruments can also be seen here.
14. San Giovanni in Laterano
San Giovanni in Laterano (St. John Lateran) is one of four noteworthy basilicas in Rome. Committed to John the Baptist and John the Evangelist, it is the house of prayer for both the diocese supervisor of Rome and the pope. It is recognised to be the principal Catholic Church constructed in Rome. Its design doesn’t appear as old as different churches, however, the interiors are lovely brightened, with divider adornments, sections, mosaics and canvases.
15. Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill, one of the Seven Hills of Rome, is linked to Roman folklore that a wolf discovered the twin young men Romulus and Remus and looked after them until a shepherd sheltered them. Regardless of whether this legend is true or not, Palatine Hill is the place where Rome was established. During the Imperial time, the slope was developed with enormous royal residences. Today only the remnants remain, drawing visitors from all over the world.
16. Appian Way
Appia or the Appian Way is a standout amongst the most renowned and significant streets of Ancient Rome. If you’re looking for one of the top Rome tourist places, this is the one. Founded by sovereign Appius Claudius Caecus in 312 BC, it associated Rome to Campania and southern Italy and was particularly helpful for transporting military equipment. Visitors can review the city’s history by strolling upon the first stones that were laid for easy commuting.
17. Piazza Venezia
Not far from the Roman Forum, Piazza Venezia is a huge open space which is a replica of an ancient arena. It is a significant display of Baroque engineering and contains three huge wellsprings, including Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s unbelievable Fountain of the Four Rivers in the middle. The piazza is maintained by the seventeenth century Trajan’s Column. With the help of a guide, get an insight into the interesting history that framed the present.
18. Baths of Caracalla
Built by Emperor Caracalla for political indoctrination, the Baths of Caracalla are the second-largest baths and one of the best places to travel in Rome. The emperor wanted to be famous and gain favour from the people, thus, he built the Baths to be remembered. For more than 300 years, the baths were operational. The main reason for the baths to turn into ruins was destruction and robbery. Despite being not very popular, The Bath’s massive size draw an immense crowd.
19. National Roman Museum
If you wish to imbibe Rome’s two and a half millennia of history, culture, charm and heritage, the National Roman Museum is the best place to get connected. With an entire collection to spellbind visitors, you can expect to find Roman artefacts, jewellery, marble structures, Roman baths and the restored historic site of the Baths of Diocletian. If you can hear your stomach growling among all the other noise, head to La Gensola and dine at one of Rome’s innovative trattorias.
20. Capuchin Crypt
The very thought of bones and skulls might appear dreary. But the Capuchin Crypt lures several visitors towards it. Situated under Our Lady of the Conception of the Capuchins, the site exudes the life of the religious Capuchin ministers. The succeeding ministers preserved the bones of the expired in showcases and glass caskets to promote Christian work of art in different spots. You can also see them throughout the tomb including the Crypt of the Skulls and the Crypt of the Resurrection. Not just a ghastly showcase, these manifestations recount the tale of life, death and restoration, demonstrating an extraordinary transformation into time everlasting.
What you’ve read, is just the tip of the iceberg. Rome is much more than that; it’s a city with layers where the mystery unfolds gradually. No wonder it’s called ‘The Eternal City’. So, got itchy feet for Rome? You just need to pack, book and get on that plane and gather everlasting memories.